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Reading Comprehension इस प्रकार का अभ्यास परीक्षार्थी की योग्यता को जाँचने का सर्वाधिक मापदण्ड होता है इससे परीक्षार्थी की सही सूझ – बूझ तथा उसकी क्षमता की परख की जा सकती है । इसमें दिया गया पाठ अपठित अर्थात जो पढ़ा न गया हो पाठ का स्वरूप साहित्यिक वैज्ञानिक विवरणात्मक आदि होता है,पाठ से ही संबंधित कुछ प्रश्न नीचे दिये गये होते है जिनके 4/5 विकल्प दिये गये रहते है इनमें से सही उत्तर चुनकर चिन्हित करना होता है । उदाहरण के लिए नीचे आपको एक Passage दिया गया इसकी PDF Download कर के Reading Comprehension की Practice कीजिये और अपने Exam में अच्छे अंक लाये ।।
Philosophy of Education is a label applied to the study of the purpose, process, nature and ideals of education. It can be considered a branch of both philosophy and education. Education can be defined as the teaching and learning of specific skills, and the imparting of knowledge, judgment and wisdom, and is something broader than the societal institution of education we often speak of.Many educationalists consider it a weak and woolly field, too far removed from the practical applications of the real world to be useful. But philosophers dating back to Plato and the Ancient Greeks have given the area much thought and emphasis, and there is little doubt that their work has helped shape the practice of education over the millennia.Plato is the earliest important educational thinker, and education is an essential element in “The Republic” (his most important work on philosophy and political theory, written around 360 B.C.). In it, he advocates some rather extreme methods: removing children from their mothers’ care and raising them as wards of the state, and differentiating children suitable to the various castes, the highest receiving the most education, so that they could act as guardians of the city and care for the less able. He believed that education should be holistic, including facts, skills, physical discipline, music and art. Plato believed that talent and intelligence is not distributed genetically and thus is be found in children born to all classes, although his proposed system of selective public education for an educated minority of the population does not really follow a democratic model.
Ques 1.What is the difference between the approaches of Socrates and Aristotle?
1)Aristotle felt the need for repetition to develop good habits in students- Socrates felt that students need to be constantly questioned
2)Aristotle felt the need for rote-learning- Socrates emphasized on dialog learning
3)There was no difference
4)Aristotle emphasized on the importance of paying attention to human nature-Socrates emphasized upon science
Ques 2.Why do educationists consider philosophy a ‘weak and woolly’ field?
1)It is not practically applicable
2)Its theoretical concepts are easily understood
3)It is irrelevant for education
4)None of the above
Ques 3.What do you understand by the term ‘Perennial-ism’, in the context of the given comprehension passage?
1)It refers to something which is of ceaseless importance
2)It refers to something which is quite unnecessary
3)It refers to something which is abstract and theoretical
4) It refers to something which existed in the past and no longer exists now
Ques 4.Were Plato’s beliefs about education democratic?
1)He believed that only the rich have the right to acquire education
3)He believed that only a select few are meant to attend schools
4) He believed that all pupils are not talented
Ques 5.Why did Aquinas propose a model of education which did not lay much emphasis on facts?
1)Facts are not important
2)Facts do not lead to holistic education
3)Facts change with the changing times
4)Facts are frozen in time
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